Friday, May 17, 2013

How to install and configure POP server Dovecot in Debian 7 wheezy

How to install and configure POP server Dovecot in Debian 7 wheezy

Concept:

As a pop packages there are major qpoppor and dovecot. Here, we are going to discuss basic installation and configuration regarding dovecot.

Dovecot installation:

mahidul@mahidul:~# apt-get install dovecot*
mahidul@mahidul:~# vim /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf

disable_plaintext_auth = no
log_timestamp = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S "
mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u
mail_privileged_group = mail
managesieve_notify_capability = mailto
managesieve_sieve_capability = fileinto reject envelope encoded-character vacation subaddress comparator-i;ascii-numeric relational regex imap4flags copy include variables body enotify environment mailbox date ihave
passdb {
  driver = pam
}
protocols = imap pop3
service auth {
  user = root
}
userdb {
  driver = passwd
}
protocol pop3 {
  pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
}

ssl = no


mahidul@mahidul:~# /etc/init.d/dovecot restart

It may fire an error message to enable auth_debug setting. But it will automitacally resolve by itself after the first user login to dovecot. So, dont enable auth_debug.
Now go to the dovecot configuration and delete all lines and paste the below lines.


Now, create a user to test our pop3 mail with outlook:
root@mahidul:~# adduser testuser

Install telnet:
root@mahidul:~# apt-get install telnet


Check if the dovecot is working properly or not:
root@mahidul:~# telnet localhost 110
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
+OK Dovecot ready.
user testuser
+OK
pass userpassword
+OK Logged in.
quit
+OK Logging out.
Connection closed by foreign host.


2 comments:

  1. Hi,

    Thank you for your page.

    Recently I setup a homemade e-mail server and wrote a full detailed tutorial that you can find in

    http://cosmolinux.no-ip.org/raconetlinux2/mail.html

    using Debian Squeeze, Postfix, Dovecot, SASL, Spamassassin and Squirrel (and a Google account for SMTP relay).

    Debian Squeeze is old-stable now but it works like a charm!

    I wish it is helpful to someone.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi,

    First of all thanks for this nice tutorial.

    But recently wheezy updated the packages of dovecot and postfix so far I have noticed. For that reason the configuration parameters is also changed to some extent. The configuration should be look like this:

    For Incomming Mail:
    ------------------

    root@mail:~# vim /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf
    # line 26: change ( if not listen IPv6 port )
    listen = *

    root@mail:~# vim /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf
    # line 9: uncomment and change ( allow plain text auth )
    disable_plaintext_auth = no

    # line 99: add
    auth_mechanisms = plain login


    root@mail:~# vim /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf
    # line 30: uncomment and add

    mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir


    root@mail:~# vim /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf
    # line 96-98: uncomment and add

    # Postfix smtp-auth
    unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
    mode = 0666
    user = postfix
    group = postfix
    }


    root@mail:~# /etc/init.d/dovecot restart

    ReplyDelete